The volume summarizes existing theories of jury decision making and identifies what we have learned about jury behavior, including the effects of specific courtroom practices, the nature of the trial, the characteristics of the participants, and the evidence itself making use of those foundations, devine offers a new integrated theory of jury decision making that addresses both. Ch24 - juries and decision making try the multiple choice questions below to test your knowledge of this chapter once you have completed the test, click on 'submit answers for grading' to get your results. Groups, juries, decisions, dynamics, attorneys, decision-making, memory, pre-judgements, anxiety, win, case.
How courts work steps in a trial jury deliberations all federal cases require a unanimous decision if the jury cannot come to a decision by the end of the day. The final section of the book contains two chapters that present and discuss a new theory of jury decision making chapter 8 offers an integrative multi-level theory of juror and jury decision making that builds on existing theory and major findings from the empirical literature. Students will learn about the nation's jury system and its importance to the rule of law in the united states students will experience the sixth and seventh amendments at work as they engage in the main lesson activities, including one in which they will serve as jurors in the main activities. Abstract = jury trials play a centrally important role in the law, and they are also of interest to psychologists the manner in which individual jurors perceive, interpret, and remember evidence, as well as the group processes involved in jury deliberation, can be described in terms of fundamental cognitive and social psychological concepts.
Linda robinson the psychology of criminal investigation: task 2 in a court of law, the jury is expected to be neutral and unbiased this is simply due to the need for a fair trial there are many factors that may affect the decision making of the jury, and inevitably result in a biased jury jurors. A mock-jury scenario was conducted to evaluate the effects that eye-witness testimonies had on 139 participants in order to study the true affects the testimonies have on decision making process, eye-witness testimonies were manipulated into 3 different categories (credible eye-witness, discredited. Citizen juries involve the wider community in the decision-making process in a representative fashion participants are engaged as citizens with no formal alignments or allegiances the randomly selection is intended to prevent strong advocates for any particular outcome to lobby for inclusion. A third approach comparing judge and jury decision making asks judges and laypersons to reach decisions based on simulated trial materials in the form of written materials or videotaped presentations. Decision making in juries to study the decision making of junes mock juries and shadow juries are used ( i e 'real' juries are not used as this is banned by law.
Although we must acknowledge this limitation, psycholegal scholars have largely supported the use of mock jurors because of their similarities to real jurors 57 and the use of such research in many areas of legislative decision-making 58 the high rate of death-qualified mock jurors also warrants comment in relation to generalizability. Why juries work best by bringing ordinary citizens into the system and placing them at the very heart of the decision-making process, trial by jury exposes the criminal justice system to their. After the trial concludes, only 12 jurors get to participate in the decision making for a federal civil trial, the final jury can have up to 12 members, but can't be any smaller than 6 ←click to learn more about selecting the jury. There are factors that affect influence the effect of physical attractiveness on jury decision making the seriousness of the crime mckelvie and coley (1993) found attractive defendants get lesser sentences for crimes like burglary but the effect stops for more serious crimes.
Difficulties in civil jury decision making include those described previously in this section as well as some additional challenges in a typical civil case, the plaintiff sues the defendant for an injury, and jurors must decide whether the defendant is liable for the plaintiff's injuries. Free essay: decision-making of juries characteristics of the defendant in an ideal world, a jury would be made up of unbiased and unprejudiced people. Factors that affect jury decision making michelle o'brien what key processes are involved in jury decision making jurors are required to hear stories, or narratives, from both the prosecution and defense, and use all the information and evidence given as a basis for deciding a guilty or not guilty verdict.
Start studying juries and decision making learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Jury decision making research 3 jury decision making research: are researchers focusing on the mouse and not the elephant in the room the tension between experimental control and ecological validity is present in many applied. Do juror pressures lead to unfair verdicts stress in general can impede quality decision-making and encourage jurors to give in to the social pressure of the. Review of the juror decision-making process and the various sources of influence that can affect it mock jurors were asked to review a mock criminal trial as well as the testimony of 2.